Automobiles and Automobile Engineering
Automobiles are one of the best inventions in modern times. They have significantly improved the quality of life of people worldwide. They are used in most public transportation systems and also as private vehicles for transporting passengers. Having a car has countless benefits compared to public transport especially when it comes to traveling long distances. For example, when you travel by car, you can avoid traffic jams and save a lot of time. Moreover, you can easily reach your destination and spend more time with family members and friends.
Automobile Engineering is the branch of Engineering that deals with the manufacturing and technology of automobiles. The main purpose of automobiles is to provide transportation services to passengers and cargos. Without automobiles, the luxuries of modern world cannot be imagined. Various research and development engineers have made improvements in automobiles to make them safe, comfortable and easy to handle. These improvements have made the cars more attractive and affordable for most of the population.
The design of an automobile depends on many factors. For instance, a vehicle designed for off-road use must have durable systems and high resistance to severe overloads and extreme operating conditions. On the other hand, an automobile designed for highway use requires increased passenger comfort options, optimized engine performance, and high-speed handling and stability.
The modern automobile is a complex technical system, consisting of thousands of subsystems with specific design functions. These include the body, chassis, engine, drivetrain, electrical systems, cooling and lubrication systems, and the suspension and braking systems. The braking and suspension systems ensure that the car remains stable on the road while driving. The engine, however, powers the entire vehicle and must be able to cope with various loads and road conditions.